Penny

Penny: Introduction

The Penny is one of the most famous British coins. The coin itself has been around since 600AD and at various times has been struck in silver, copper and bronze. Originally split into halfpenny and farthing, it is now itself the least denomination coin currently in circulation. Made from copper (actually copper plated steel).

Originally there were 12 pennies in one shilling and 240 pennies in £1; since decimalisation in 1973 there are 100 new pence in one pound.

The following have minted Penny during their reign:

 ObverseOffa
(0757-0796)
 ObverseCoenwulf of Mercia
(0796-0821)
 ObverseAethelstan I
(0825-0840)
 ObverseAlfred the Great
(0847-0899)
 ObverseEdward the Elder
(0899-0924)
 ObverseEdgar the Peaceful (Eadgar)
(0959-0975)
 ObverseEdward the Martyr
(0975-0978)
 ObverseEthelred the Unready (Ethelred II)
(978-1013 and 1014-106)
 ObverseCanute (Cnut)
(0995-1035)
 ObverseEdward the Confessor
(1042-1066)
 ObverseHarold II
(1066-1066)
 ObverseWilliam I
(1066-1087)
 ObverseWilliam II
(1087-1100)
 ObverseHenry I
(1100-1135)
 ObverseStephen
(1135-1154)
 ObverseMatilda
(Empress 1141-1148)
 ObverseHenry II
(1154-1189)
 ObverseRichard I
(1189-1199)
 ObverseJohn
(1199-1216)
 ObverseHenry III
(1216-1272)
 ObverseEdward I
(1272-1307)
 ObverseHenry VII
(1485-1509)
 ObverseElizabeth I
(1558-1603)
 ObverseCharles II
(1660-1685)
 ObverseGeorge III
(1760-1820)
 ObverseGeorge IV
(1820-1830)
 ObverseVictoria
(1837-1901)
 ObverseEdward VII
(1901-1910)
 ObverseGeorge V
(1910-1936)
 ObverseGeorge VI
(1936-1952)
 ObverseElizabeth II
(1952-Present)