975 Penny – Edward the Martyr

975 Penny – Edward the Martyr

The 975 Penny - Edward the Martyr

Silver Penny of Edward the Martyr, minted some time between 975-978. Lincoln Mint of Moneyer Rodbert. Diameter 21mm and weighs 1.34g. SCBC 1142.

Edward became King in 975 when he was only about 13 years old. He reigned until he was murdered in 978.

The Obverse shows the diademed and draped bust of Edward the Martyr.

The Reverse has legend 'RODBERT ON LINDC' (Rodbert the moneyer from Lincoln) with a small cross pattee in the centre.

This coin classed as VF and rare.

Images used by permission of CNGCoins


Mintage: Rare
Minted at Provincial mints.
Edward the Martyr (0975-0978)
Classification: ANGLO-SAXON; Kings of Wessex; House of Wessex; Kings of All England; Hammered.

Edward was born around 962 and became King when he was aged about 13 on 8 July 975. His reign was short and he was murdered in Corfe, Dorset, on 18 March 978, although the circumstances of his death, motive and perpetrator are unclear. Edward was succeeded by his brother, Ethelred the Unready.
General Description: Penny
The Penny is one of the most famous British coins. The coin itself has been around since 600AD and at various times has been struck in silver, copper and bronze. Originally split into halfpennies and farthing, it is now itself the least denomination coin currently in circulation. Made from copper (actually copper plated steel).

Originally there were 12 pennies in one shilling and 240 pennies in £1; since decimalisation in 1973 there are 100 new pence in one pound.

Specifications of the Penny

  • Diameter: (Bronze) 31 mm (since 1860)
  • Edge: Plain
  • Composition:
    • (1707–1796) Silver
    • (1797–1859) Copper
    • (1860–1970) Bronze
  • Years: 1707–1970
Which Mint: Provincial mints
Not all mints are located in a single place. From the Roman days through to the middle ages it was easier to have local moneyers (trusted people who were allowed to mint coins) rather than make the coins centrally and then have the security and logistics problem of distribution.

There were often dozens of mints, sometimes all making the same coin. The variations and mintmarks are exciting for numismatists, although sometimes it takes an expert to analyse them.

Most English Provincial Mints began to close after 1279 when the Royal Mint opened The Tower Mint (called so as it was housed at the Tower of London), although some continued working for much longer. The central mint gave the King and the Master of the Royal Mint much more control over the production and quality of English coinage.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) is the Union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is often refered to as Great Britain (GBR). It has a long, rich history.

The orignal coinage was Pounds, Shillings and Pence but since decimalisation on 15 February 1971, it is £1 = 100p, that is One Pound = 100 pence. The coinage of the UK is also a long history, the Royal Mint being established as long ago as 886AD when coins were hammered. Today there is perhaps 30 billion coins in circulation, and many (numismatic) collectors coins and sets are issued frequently in gold, silver and other metals.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Penny page on eBay UK

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