1904 Gold Sovereign Perth


The 1904 Gold Sovereign - Perth Mint

The 1904 Perth Sovereign depicts Benedetto Pistrucci’s famous portrayal of St George slaying the dragon on the reverse of the coin. A small 'P' above the date indicates the sovereign was produced in Perth, Western Australia.

The edge is milled.

King Edward VII’s bare head portrait, by George W. de Saulles, can be seen on the obverse of the coin.

Image credit: Museums Victoria


Mintage: 4,596,205 (may include coins in sets)
Minted at The Perth Mint.
Remember 1904 ?
Monarch is Edward VII, Prime Minister is Arthur Balfour (Conservative) and Theodore Roosevelt is US President. Number plates are introduced for cars, which must adhere to a speed limit of 20 miles per hour. Frederick Henry Royce meets Charles Stewart Rolls to discuss Rolls-Royce. 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri. Peter Pan is on the stage. 1904 is a leap year.
Edward VII (1901-1910)
Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910. Edward was the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Edward married Princess Alexandra of Denmark in 1863.

Five Pound, Two Pound and Crowns were only released in 1902. The 1902 Proof set for the Coronation is unusual in that it had a Matt finish. Gold Sovereign mintages were high during the reign of Edward VII, averaging more than 10 million per year which makes them fairly common even today.
General Description: Sovereigns
The 1904 Gold Sovereign Perth is an example of the Gold Sovereign and is one of the most ubiquitous of all coins and much sought after by both coin collectors and bullion investors. Sovereigns have been minted since 1817 (in Britain 1817-1917, 1925 and 1957 on). At coins fairs you often hear the dealers refer to these coins as Sovs.

Besides being minted in Britain, Sovereigns have been made in Australia (Melbourne, Sydney, Perth), India (then Bombay, now Mumbai), Canada (Ottowa) and South Africa (Pretoria) although these regional mints have not made sovereigns since 1932. The non-British coins carry a small mintmark ('S','M','P','I','C' or 'SA') just above the date. This 1904 Gold Sovereign Perth was minted at The Perth Mint.

The Obverse is the Monarch's head (Edward VII) and the Reverse is most often St George and the Dragon, although other backs have been used and are of interest to collectors. The Reverse often gives the Sovs a new term, like "ShieldBacks".

Specifications for the Gold Sovereign
 
  • Weight: 7.9881g
  • Diameter: 22.05 mm
  • Thickness: 1.52 mm
  • Purity: 22 carat = 91.67% (11/12ths gold, 1/12th copper. Adding copper makes the coin more scratch and dent resistant)
  • Gold Content: 113 grains = 7.3224 g = 0.2354 troy ounce
  • Face value: £1 = 20 shillings
  • Monarch: Edward VII

History

Up until 1604 there was a coin called the English gold sovereign and in 1816 when there was the "Great Recoinage" the name was revived. At that time standard gold (22 carat) was valued at £46 14s 6d per troy pound; this meant a £1 coin needed to weigh 123.2744783 grains or 7.988030269 g. The weight is still the same today.

As a historical note: to maintain the Gold Standard, in 1816 the value of silver was set at 66 shillings for one troy pound and silver coins were only legal for denominations up to £2.

The first sovereigns carried the head of King George III and the famous George and the Dragon design by Benedetto Pistrucci (29 May 1783 – 16 September 1855), an Italian engraver who became chief medallist at the Royal Mint.

With high value coins such as the 1904 Gold Sovereign Perth, collectors and bullion investors often worry about forgeries but actually gold coins are very difficult to forge due to gold's unique properties of density and colour. Gold is extremely dense and to use another metal and gold-plate it would result in a coin that is under-weight, over-diameter or half as thick, something that would be spotted very easily. More difficult to spot would be a bullion coin melted down and re-cast as a highly collectable date, but an expert can usually tell these too. You should always use reputable dealers.

Which Mint: The Perth Mint
The Perth Mint, Western Australia, is Australia's official bullion mint and wholly owned by the Government of Western Australia. The Perth Mint opened in 1899 in response to the discovery of rich gold deposits in Coolgardie and Kalgoorlie.  It was Australia's third branch of Britain's Royal Mint - the others being the Sydney Mint and the Melbourne Mint (both closed).
Country of Origin: Australia
Australia is a country and continent surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. Australia used pounds, shillings and pence until 1966, when it adopted the decimal system with the Australian dollar divided into 100 cents. The 1oz Silver coins are a particular favourite with collectors around the World and feature the famous Australian animals such as Kookaburra, Kangeroo and Kaola.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Sovereigns page on eBay UK

List of items on:

UK On eBay UK:
Australia.  1904 Perth - Sovereign..  Near Full Lustre - gEF/aUNC
Australia. 1904 Perth - Sovereign.. Near Full Lustre - gEF/aUNC
£ 564.93
Australia.  1904 Perth - Sovereign.. VF/gVF - Trace Lustre
Australia. 1904 Perth - Sovereign.. VF/gVF - Trace Lustre
£ 536.68
Australia.  1904 Perth - Half Sovereign..  Trace Lustre - aVF
Australia. 1904 Perth - Half Sovereign.. Trace Lustre - aVF
£ 550.81
Australia.  1904 Perth - Sovereign..  Much Lustre - gEF/aUNC
Australia. 1904 Perth - Sovereign.. Much Lustre - gEF/aUNC
£ 593.18
Australia.  1904 Perth - Half Sovereign..  Much Lustre..   EF/gEF
Australia. 1904 Perth - Half Sovereign.. Much Lustre.. EF/gEF
£ 1,016.88
Australia.  1904 Perth - Half Sovereign..  Part Lustre..  VF
Australia. 1904 Perth - Half Sovereign.. Part Lustre.. VF
£ 805.03
Australia.  1904 Perth - Half Sovereign..  Trace Lustre..  VF - gVF
Australia. 1904 Perth - Half Sovereign.. Trace Lustre.. VF - gVF
£ 536.68
[#855419] Coin, Australia, Edward VII, Sovereign, 1904, Perth, AU(55-58), Gold,
[#855419] Coin, Australia, Edward VII, Sovereign, 1904, Perth, AU(55-58), Gold,
£ 500.00

List of items on: