1646 Groat – Charles I (Bridgnorth-on-Severn Mint)


The 1646 Groat - Charles I (Bridgnorth-on-Severn Mint)

Superb example of the 1646 Silver Groat (four pence coin) of King Charles I. Coins of this period were called the 'Declaration' type as the reverse stated King Charles promise to uphold the Protestant religion.

1646 saw the late declaration types, as the King was chased around the country due to the civil war. Coins had to be minted in safe Royalist areas and this coin was minted at Bridgnorth-on-Severn. Mint mark is a small plume (or plumelet).

Diameter 22.5mm, weighs 1.83g. SCBC: 3042. North: 2525.

The Obverse shows a crowned and draped bust of King Charles I. Plumelet to the left and on the right is the mark of value (IIII - four pence). Legend is "· CAROLVS · D : G : MAG : BR : FR : ET : HIB : REX ·".

The Reverse shows the text "REL : PRO :/LEG : ANG :/LIB : PAR :" over three lines, with the date of 1646 below a separator line. This is the 'Wellington Declaration' stating King Charles' aspirations of "the Protestant Religion, the Laws of England, and the Liberty of Parliament".
The full Latin would be "RELIGIO PROTESTANTIUM, LEGES ANGLIAE, LIBERTAS PARLIAMENTI".

Legend is "· EXVRGAT · DEVS · DISSIPENTVR · INIMICI ·". which is from Psalm 68 in the Bible meaning "May God rise up, may enemies be scattered".

Image credit: CNG Coins.


Mintage: Not known
Minted at Provincial mints.
Charles I (1625-1649)
Charles I was born on 19 November 1600 and was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution on 30 January 1649. He was in the House of Stuart.

From 1642, Charles fought in the English Civil War against the armies of the English and Scottish parliaments. After his defeat in 1645, Charles refused to accept his captors' demands for a constitutional monarchy. He escaped for a few years but was recaptured by Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army. He was tried for high treason and subsequently executed.

The monarchy was abolished and the Commonwealth of England became a republic. The monarchy would be restored in 1660 by Charles's son, Charles II.

The coinage of Charles I is one of the most interesting periods of English numismatic history. There are a huge amount of varieties and the coins include both hammered and early machine-made coins by Briot. Due to the Civil war many mints popped up around the country. It's a complex and involved subject featuring some outstanding coins.
General Description: Groat
The Groat is an old coin worth four pence. It was found in England, Ireland and Scotland. The English Groat can be traced back to Edward I and was minted (not every year) up until Victoria although the fourpence coin is still minted today for use in Maundy sets.
Which Mint: Provincial mints
Not all mints are located in a single place. From the Roman days through to the middle ages it was easier to have local moneyers (trusted people who were allowed to mint coins) rather than make the coins centrally and then have the security and logistics problem of distribution.

There were often dozens of mints, sometimes all making the same coin. The variations and mintmarks are exciting for numismatists, although sometimes it takes an expert to analyse them.

Most English Provincial Mints began to close after 1279 when the Royal Mint opened The Tower Mint (called so as it was housed at the Tower of London), although some continued working for much longer. The central mint gave the King and the Master of the Royal Mint much more control over the production and quality of English coinage.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) is the Union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is often refered to as Great Britain (GBR). It has a long, rich history.

The orignal coinage was Pounds, Shillings and Pence but since decimalisation on 15 February 1971, it is £1 = 100p, that is One Pound = 100 pence. The coinage of the UK is also a long history, the Royal Mint being established as long ago as 886AD when coins were hammered. Today there is perhaps 30 billion coins in circulation, and many (numismatic) collectors coins and sets are issued frequently in gold, silver and other metals.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Groat page on eBay UK

List of items on:

UK On eBay UK:
Charles I, England, Groat, Aberystwyth Mint, 1638-42, Silver, Very Fine Details
Charles I, England, Groat, Aberystwyth Mint, 1638-42, Silver, Very Fine Details
£ 100.00
Great Britain England Charles I Twopence Half Groat Silver Hammered Coin 1625-49
Great Britain England Charles I Twopence Half Groat Silver Hammered Coin 1625-49
£ 11.97
CHARLES I HAMMERED  HALF GROAT COIN (MUSEUM COPY) 1625-49
CHARLES I HAMMERED HALF GROAT COIN (MUSEUM COPY) 1625-49
£ 2.50
Hammered Charles Silver Groat, 1644. Exeter Mint
Hammered Charles Silver Groat, 1644. Exeter Mint
£ 285.00
Charles I half groat	1632-1648
Charles I half groat 1632-1648
£ 145.00
Charles I half groat	1632-1648
Charles I half groat 1632-1648
£ 80.00
CHARLES I SILVER HALF GROAT STAR MINT MARK IN A USED CONDITION
CHARLES I SILVER HALF GROAT STAR MINT MARK IN A USED CONDITION
£ 40.00
UK GB SILVER HALF Groat - Charles I 1632 - 1648 LOW GRADE B51 #4853
UK GB SILVER HALF Groat - Charles I 1632 - 1648 LOW GRADE B51 #4853
£ 23.58

List of items on: