116-117AD Sestertius – Trajan


The 116-117AD Sestertius - Trajan

Sestertius, minted in Rome between 116AD and 117AD during the reign of Emperor Trajan. Made from Orichalcum, which is a the gold-coloured bronze alloy used by the Roman Empire. Diameter 33mm, weight 26.8g.

Museums Victoria explain the dating: "In 116 AD southern Mesopotamia revolted against Roman rule and Parthian forces attacked the Roman border. Trajan suppressed the revolt and set Parthamaspates up as a Roman client-king at Ctesiphon. The reverse of this coin depicts the new king being presented to the personification of Parthia by Trajan. Production of the coin was therefore in the period 116 to 117 AD."

The Obverse shows the laureated and draped bust of Trajan facing right. Legend is "IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P".

The Reverse shows Trajan seated, facing left with a Prefect behind him. Standing is Parthamaspates with one arm raised, being presented to Parthia who is kneeling.

Legend is "REX PARTHIS DATVS". "S C" in exergue. SC means senatus consultum, or by 'decree of the Senate' so the coin was an official issue.

Image credit: Museums Victoria


Mintage: Not known
Minted at Roman Mint.
Trajan (Emperor 98AD-117AD)
Classification: Roman Emperor, Roman, Nerva–Antonine Dynasty

Marcus U. Trajan [CAESAR MARCVS VLPIVS NERVA TRAIANVS AVGVSTVS] was born on 18 September 53 and became Emeror on 28 January 98. Generally considered a good Emperor, Trajan is best known for his extensive public building program. He died of a stroke 11 August 117, aged 63.

Regnal name: Imperator Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus
General Description: Roman
The Roman Empire was one of the largest Empires in history, covering most of Europe, Britain, parts of Asia, the Middle East and North Africa. It was in existence from 27BC to 476AD, more than 500 years. And all these places used Roman coins throughout the era.

Originally coins were minted only in Rome, but by the third Century there were mints in other countries too. These mints sometimes produced more than 2 million coins per month to meet demand. Coins typically depicted the Emperor on one side and some other image or letters on the other. During the Empire, more than 10,000 different types of coins were created using copper, silver and gold.

Roman coins are usually classified as:

- Roman Republican Coins (about 300BC - 27BC)
- Roman Imperial Coins (27BC - 96AD)
- Roman Imperial Coins (96AD - 235AD)
- Roman Imperial Coins (235AD - 476AD)
- Roman Provincial Coins

The Denarius was the standard Roman silver coin and there were a range of others. As a guide, in the early republic (after 211BC) there was the Sestertius (=4 denarii), Dupondius (=5), As (=10, a tenner), Semis (=20), Quincunx (=24), Triens (=30), Quadrans (=40), Uncia (=120) and Solidus (=1000, it was gold). Values fluctuated later due to debasement and inflation.

The standard gold coin was the Aureus and was equal to 25 denarii or 100 sestertii. It's not far off the weight of a modern gold sovereign. The Aureus was introduced by Julius Caesar around 49BC and was the principal gold coin until about the 4th century when it was replaced by the gold Solidus.

The great part of this is that you can put together a really nice Roman coin collection with very little money, as many coins (although not all) are common and inexpensive. The coins are the best part of 2000 years old and are exciting to collect.

For more information see our articles:
Which Mint: Roman Mint
The origins of the Rome mint are from the manufacture of a silver coin near to the Temple of Juno Moneta back in 269BC. Juno was the personification of money.

Due to the size of the Roman Empire, Rome could not produce all the coins needed and Roman mints were set up in 27 locations, and there were more than 600 provincial mints scattered about the Empire. During overseas campaigns, Generals such as Caesar and Marc Anthony would mint their own coins to pay their armies.

Mint marks were used on the coins to differentiate the mint of manufacture.
Country of Origin: Roman Empire
The Roman Empire ran from 27BC to 476AD and was the post-Republican period of ancient Rome. It covered a large territory of Europe, Northern Africa, and Western Asia. It was ruled by an Emperor.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Roman page on eBay UK

List of items on:

UK On eBay UK:
ROMAN. TRAJAN (98-117 A.D). BRASS SESTERTIUS.
ROMAN. TRAJAN (98-117 A.D). BRASS SESTERTIUS.
£ 175.00
TRAJAN - SESTERTIUS - ROMAN COIN
TRAJAN - SESTERTIUS - ROMAN COIN
£ 34.00
ROMAN COIN BRONZE SESTERTIUS OF TRAJAN, REVERSE PAX SEATED DECENT GRADE M2.9.
ROMAN COIN BRONZE SESTERTIUS OF TRAJAN, REVERSE PAX SEATED DECENT GRADE M2.9.
£ 55.00
ANCIENT ROMAN TRAJAN 98-117 A.D. SESTERTIUS COIN
ANCIENT ROMAN TRAJAN 98-117 A.D. SESTERTIUS COIN
£ 25.00
ROMAN. TRAJAN (98-117 A.D). BRASS SESTERTIUS. TRAJAN ON PLATFORM WITH FIGURES.
ROMAN. TRAJAN (98-117 A.D). BRASS SESTERTIUS. TRAJAN ON PLATFORM WITH FIGURES.
£ 275.00
Overcleaned Brass Sestertius of Trajan [Rome] (#1420)
Overcleaned Brass Sestertius of Trajan [Rome] (#1420)
£ 20.00
Trajan (98-117AD) AE Sestertius. Rome Mint.
Trajan (98-117AD) AE Sestertius. Rome Mint.
£ 14.95
TRAJAN AD98 Sestertius Rome "Pax Peace Goddess" Authentic Ancient Roman Coin COA
TRAJAN AD98 Sestertius Rome "Pax Peace Goddess" Authentic Ancient Roman Coin COA
£ 397.27

List of items on: