1844 Crown

The 1844 Crown 

The Reverse shows a crowned shield by Jean Baptiste Merlen.

Edge has regnal year in Roman figures (VIII, 8th year of reign).

The Edge Stops may be Cinquefoil or Star, but there's not much difference in price.
The Obverse shows Queen Victoria's Young Head portrait by William Wyon.

Images used by permission of The Royal Mint

Mintage: 94,248 (may include coins in sets)
Minted at The Royal Mint.
Remember 1844 ?
1844 is MDCCCXLIV. Monarch is Queen Victoria. Prime Minister is Robert Peel (Conservative). US President is John Tyler (I-Virginia). Factory Act forces a maximum 12-hour working day for women, and a maximum 6-hour day for children aged 6 to 13. Bank Charter Act restricts powers of British banks (not Bank of England) to issue banknotes of the pound sterling. Imprisonment for debt abolished in England. The first electrical telegram is sent by Sam Morse. Charles Goodyear patents vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber. James K. Polk wins December U.S. presidential election.
Victoria (1837-1901)
Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria ruled for 64 years, a record only recently surpassed by Queen Elizabeth II.
Victoria's parents were Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathern, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She married Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, who later became known as Prince Albert. Victoria had nine children, the eldest son succeeding her as Edward VII.

Victoria posed for a number of head portraits, but there are generally three major variants: Young Head (1838-1887) by William Wyon, RA; Jubilee Head (1887-1893) by Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm and Old Head (1893-1901) by by Sir Thomas Brock.

General Description: Crowns
The Crown is a very old coin, with origins dating back to Henry VIII. The English Crown first appeared in 1526. It was made of 22 carat gold ("crown gold") and has a value of five shillings (a quarter of a pound).

By 1551, silver was being used to produce crowns, although gold was sometimes still used. The silver crown was quite large, being about 38mm and weighing about one ounce. Around that time many Europeans countries had similar sized silver coins which made them good for international trade as they were essentially interchangeable.

The metal used was 92.5% silver and the rest copper so as to make the coin harder. This hardness, together with a milled edge, made 'clipping' (which was cutting slices off the edge to steal some free silver) more difficult.

After the Union of England and Scotland in 1707 a new coin, the British Crown, replaced the English Crown and Scottish Dollar. The value was set at 5 shillings and the size was 38mm in diameter and weighed about 1oz as before.

Now more of a commemorative coin

Although the coin was always part of the British coin family, its large size made it unpopular for general circulation and the half-crown was favoured as the de-facto largest coin in circulation. The Crown was more-or-less relegated to a commemorative coin.

The British economy, especially after the World Wars, took its toll on the crown too. From 1816-1919 the crown was 0.925 silver, this was reduced to 0.500 silver in 1920 and in 1947 the Crown became Cupronickel (75% copper, 25% nickel). The size standardised at 38.61 mm and (silver crown) weight of 28.276g (1 oz).

Although not in current circulation, the Crown is still legal tender. After decimalisation in 1971 the Crown was officially valued at 25 pence. In the Eighties we had inflation which brought in higher denomination coins like the pound coin and the two-pound coin, so the Government decided that the crown needed to be restored to it former glory as biggest denomination coin and the crown was re-denominated to £5 in 1990.

Today the Crown is once again made in silver and gold, usually to satisfy collectors and investors. There is a little confusion with this as there are Gold Crowns which are worth £5 but there is another five-pound Gold coin from the sovereign family - see the article on Gold £5 Coin or Gold Crown?
Which Mint: The Royal Mint
The Royal Mint is the designated place for the UK to mint coins. It dates back well over 1000 years and is a Government-owned company. 

Formed in the reign of Alfred the Great about the year 886, during the period 1279-1812 it was generally referred to as The Tower Mint as it was housed at the Tower of London. The Master of The Royal Mint has included famous figures such as Sir Isaac Newton.

Since 2010 it has operated as Royal Mint Ltd, a company owned by HM Treasury, under an exclusive contract to supply all coinage for the UK although it also produces medals and coins for other countries. It is currently located at Llantrisant, Wales.

There is also an on-line shop at The Royal Mint Shop.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) is the Union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is often refered to as Great Britain (GBR). It has a long, rich history.

The orignal coinage was Pounds, Shillings and Pence but since decimalisation on 15 February 1971, it is £1 = 100p, that is One Pound = 100 pence. The coinage of the UK is also a long history, the Royal Mint being established as long ago as 886AD when coins were hammered. Today there is perhaps 30 billion coins in circulation, and many (numismatic) collectors coins and sets are issued frequently in gold, silver and other metals.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Crowns page on eBay UK

List of items on:

UK On eBay UK:
1844 Crown Victoria
1844 Crown Victoria
£ 695.00
1844 retro Crown. Souvenir Gap Filler. Same size/weight as original.
1844 retro Crown. Souvenir Gap Filler. Same size/weight as original.
£ 5.50
 Queen Victoria young  Head Crown 1844  better grade Silver coin
Queen Victoria young Head Crown 1844 better grade Silver coin
£ 140.00
1844 UK Silver CROWN coin Victoria (1837 - 1901) 27.88grams
1844 UK Silver CROWN coin Victoria (1837 - 1901) 27.88grams
£ 54.99
GB Queen Victoria 1844 Silver Crown in VF Plus Condition
GB Queen Victoria 1844 Silver Crown in VF Plus Condition
£ 400.00
£ 144.95
1844 | Victoria Crown w/Star Stops | Silver | Coins | KM Coins
1844 | Victoria Crown w/Star Stops | Silver | Coins | KM Coins
£ 524.82
Victoria 1844 Crown
Victoria 1844 Crown
£ 380.00

List of items on: