1658 Crown – Oliver Cromwell


The 1658 Crown - Oliver Cromwell

1658 Cromwell Silver Crown. Cromwell was not Monarch but Lord Protector as Cromwell had executed Charles I and Charles II was in exile. You can read more about him further below.




The Latin inscription is 'OLIVAR D G RP ANG SCO ET HIB & PRO' which means "Oliver, by the Grace of God of the Republic of England, Scotland and Ireland etc. Protector". 



Here you can see the edge inscription:


Coin images from M J Hughes Coins.


Mintage: Not known
Minted at The Royal Mint.
Remember 1658 ?
No Monarch. Oliver Cromwell is Lord Protector and the parliament is the Second Protectorate. Oliver Cromwell dies on 3rd September and Richard Cromwell becomes Lord Protector on the death of his father. First domestic pendulum clocks are sold in England, made by Ahasuerus Fromanteel of London.
Oliver Cromwell / Commonwealth (1649-1660)
Oliver Cromwell was not a Monarch but an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland. As such his name did appear on coins. The actual monarch was Charles I, whom Cromwell was key in having executed.

Cromwell was an MP but after one year King Charles didn't recall Parliament for nearly 11 years. Eventually the chasm between King and Parliament led to a Civil War. Oliver Cromwell was a talented military leader and won several battles with the Royalists, eventually defeating them and putting the King on trial leading to Charles I being put to death.

Cromwell as Protectorate (1653-1658) was a controversial figure. He deposed the Monarchy yet replaced it with his own ruthless, tyrannical rule. He signed himself 'Oliver P' (P for Protector) as in the style of Monarchs; he was referred to as 'his majesty' and paid himself £100,000 per year, which was a lot of money in the 1650s.

He was offered the Crown for the Monarchy in 1657 to help get stability back to the country, but eventually turned it down. After a short illness in 1658 he died, and his son Richard became Lord Protector but that didn't last long and Richard resigned in 1659. The monarchy was restored in 1660 when Charles II returned from exile. Oliver Cromwell's body (or what they thought was his body) was exhumed and posthumously executed.

Also in this category are 'Commonwealth' coins. These were issued between 1649 and 1660. They had no portraits, instead showing the Cross of St George and the Harp of Ireland. The inscriptions were in English rather than Latin so not as to be seen as associating with the Catholic Church. The Commonwealth coins often carried mint marks: 1649-57 was a Sun, and 1658-1660 was an Anchor. The anchor shows the protectorship was that of Richard Cromwell, Oliver's son.
General Description: Crowns
The Crown is a very old coin, with origins dating back to Henry VIII. The English Crown first appeared in 1526. It was made of 22 carat gold ("crown gold") and has a value of five shillings (a quarter of a pound).

By 1551, silver was being used to produce crowns, although gold was sometimes still used. The silver crown was quite large, being about 38mm and weighing about one ounce. Around that time many Europeans countries had similar sized silver coins which made them good for international trade as they were essentially interchangeable.

The metal used was 92.5% silver and the rest copper so as to make the coin harder. This hardness, together with a milled edge, made 'clipping' (which was cutting slices off the edge to steal some free silver) more difficult.

After the Union of England and Scotland in 1707 a new coin, the British Crown, replaced the English Crown and Scottish Dollar. The value was set at 5 shillings and the size was 38mm in diameter and weighed about 1oz as before.

Now more of a commemorative coin

Although the coin was always part of the British coin family, its large size made it unpopular for general circulation and the half-crown was favoured as the de-facto largest coin in circulation. The Crown was more-or-less relegated to a commemorative coin.

The British economy, especially after the World Wars, took its toll on the crown too. From 1816-1919 the crown was 0.925 silver, this was reduced to 0.500 silver in 1920 and in 1947 the Crown became Cupronickel (75% copper, 25% nickel). The size standardised at 38.61 mm and (silver crown) weight of 28.276g (1 oz).

Although not in current circulation, the Crown is still legal tender. After decimalisation in 1971 the Crown was officially valued at 25 pence. In the Eighties we had inflation which brought in higher denomination coins like the pound coin and the two-pound coin, so the Government decided that the crown needed to be restored to it former glory as biggest denomination coin and the crown was re-denominated to £5 in 1990.

Today the Crown is once again made in silver and gold, usually to satisfy collectors and investors. There is a little confusion with this as there are Gold Crowns which are worth £5 but there is another five-pound Gold coin from the sovereign family - see the article on Gold £5 Coin or Gold Crown?
Which Mint: The Royal Mint
The Royal Mint is the designated place for the UK to mint coins. It dates back well over 1000 years and is a Government-owned company. 

Formed in the reign of Alfred the Great about the year 886, during the period 1279-1812 it was generally referred to as The Tower Mint as it was housed at the Tower of London. The Master of The Royal Mint has included famous figures such as Sir Isaac Newton.

Since 2010 it has operated as Royal Mint Ltd, a company owned by HM Treasury, under an exclusive contract to supply all coinage for the UK although it also produces medals and coins for other countries. It is currently located at Llantrisant, Wales.

There is also an on-line shop at The Royal Mint Shop.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) is the Union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is often refered to as Great Britain (GBR). It has a long, rich history.

The orignal coinage was Pounds, Shillings and Pence but since decimalisation on 15 February 1971, it is £1 = 100p, that is One Pound = 100 pence. The coinage of the UK is also a long history, the Royal Mint being established as long ago as 886AD when coins were hammered. Today there is perhaps 30 billion coins in circulation, and many (numismatic) collectors coins and sets are issued frequently in gold, silver and other metals.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Crowns page on eBay UK

List of items on:

UK On eBay UK:
OLIVER CROMWELL SHILLING 1658 ROYAL MINT COIN (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 334
OLIVER CROMWELL SHILLING 1658 ROYAL MINT COIN (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 334
£ 6.99
Sale! Restrike Oliver Cromwell 1658 Crown
Sale! Restrike Oliver Cromwell 1658 Crown
£ 3.59
Restrike Oliver Cromwell 1658 Halfcrown HIB obverse
Restrike Oliver Cromwell 1658 Halfcrown HIB obverse
£ 3.69
Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell ' Gold Broad' (20 Shillings) 1656 Restrike. **UK DISPATCH**
£ 4.99
1658 OLIVER CROMWELL CROWN 5/- Coin - Very Rare
1658 OLIVER CROMWELL CROWN 5/- Coin - Very Rare
£ 6,350.00
OLIVER CROMWELL 1658 SILVER HALFCROWN
OLIVER CROMWELL 1658 SILVER HALFCROWN
£ 7,995.00
1658 Commonwealth Oliver Cromwell Half Crown
1658 Commonwealth Oliver Cromwell Half Crown
£ 24.00
1658 Oliver Cromwell Crown Contemporary Forgery READ DESCRIPTION in FULL #R89
1658 Oliver Cromwell Crown Contemporary Forgery READ DESCRIPTION in FULL #R89
£ 2,450.00

List of items on: