1549-1550 Gold Crown – Edward VI


The 1549-1550 Gold Crown - Edward VI
 
Gold crown (5 shilling) coin of Edward VI, minted around 1549 or early 1550 at the Royal Mint (known as the Tower Mint at the time). Shows Edward VI, the boy King, maybe just 9-years old. Second Period (January 1549 to April 1550). Uncrowned bust (there is a crowned bust version).

Diameter is 25mm and weighs 2.71g. SCBC: 2441. North: 1913.

The Obverse shows an uncrowned bust of a very young King Edward VI facing right. Legend is "SCVTVM FIDIE PROTEGET EVM" meaning The shield of faith shall protect him. Before the SCVTVM is the mint mark of an arrow.

The Reverse is a crowned and garnished oval Royal shield, quartered with the arms of England and France; ER divided across shield. Legend is "EDWARD VI D G AGL FR Z HIB REX +".

As English gold sovereigns and half-sovereigns were minted in this period (with the same design), sometimes this coin is described as a 'quarter-sovereign', but it is a 'crown'. Both quarter-farthing and crown are valued at five shillings at the time.

Image credit: Museums Victoria


Mintage: Not known
Minted at The Royal Mint.
Edward VI (1547-1553)
Edward VI of England was born on 12 October 1537, the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour. He became King of England and Ireland in 1547 aged only 9 years old, having a Coronation on 20 February 1547. He was in the house of Tudor. Due to his young age, the realm was governed by a regency council led by his uncle Edward Seymour and then by John Dudley.

Edward died on 6 July 1553 (just 15 years old) after a serious illness and was buried in Westminster Abbey. Edward had decided that his first cousin once removed, the 16-year-old Lady Jane Grey, should become Queen. However, after his death his half-sisters Mary and Elizabeth desputed the succession and after only nine days Jane was removed from the throne (and subsequently executed) and Mary became Queen of England and Ireland.
General Description: Crowns
The Crown is a very old coin, with origins dating back to Henry VIII. The English Crown first appeared in 1526. It was made of 22 carat gold ("crown gold") and has a value of five shillings (a quarter of a pound).

By 1551, silver was being used to produce crowns, although gold was sometimes still used. The silver crown was quite large, being about 38mm and weighing about one ounce. Around that time many Europeans countries had similar sized silver coins which made them good for international trade as they were essentially interchangeable.

The metal used was 92.5% silver and the rest copper so as to make the coin harder. This hardness, together with a milled edge, made 'clipping' (which was cutting slices off the edge to steal some free silver) more difficult.

After the Union of England and Scotland in 1707 a new coin, the British Crown, replaced the English Crown and Scottish Dollar. The value was set at 5 shillings and the size was 38mm in diameter and weighed about 1oz as before.

Now more of a commemorative coin

Although the coin was always part of the British coin family, its large size made it unpopular for general circulation and the half-crown was favoured as the de-facto largest coin in circulation. The Crown was more-or-less relegated to a commemorative coin.

The British economy, especially after the World Wars, took its toll on the crown too. From 1816-1919 the crown was 0.925 silver, this was reduced to 0.500 silver in 1920 and in 1947 the Crown became Cupronickel (75% copper, 25% nickel). The size standardised at 38.61 mm and (silver crown) weight of 28.276g (1 oz).

Although not in current circulation, the Crown is still legal tender. After decimalisation in 1971 the Crown was officially valued at 25 pence. In the Eighties we had inflation which brought in higher denomination coins like the pound coin and the two-pound coin, so the Government decided that the crown needed to be restored to it former glory as biggest denomination coin and the crown was re-denominated to £5 in 1990.

Today the Crown is once again made in silver and gold, usually to satisfy collectors and investors. There is a little confusion with this as there are Gold Crowns which are worth £5 but there is another five-pound Gold coin from the sovereign family - see the article on Gold £5 Coin or Gold Crown?
Which Mint: The Royal Mint
The Royal Mint is the designated place for the UK to mint coins. It dates back well over 1000 years and is a Government-owned company. 

Formed in the reign of Alfred the Great about the year 886, during the period 1279-1812 it was generally referred to as The Tower Mint as it was housed at the Tower of London. The Master of The Royal Mint has included famous figures such as Sir Isaac Newton.

Since 2010 it has operated as Royal Mint Ltd, a company owned by HM Treasury, under an exclusive contract to supply all coinage for the UK although it also produces medals and coins for other countries. It is currently located at Llantrisant, Wales.

There is also an on-line shop at The Royal Mint Shop.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) is the Union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is often refered to as Great Britain (GBR). It has a long, rich history.

The orignal coinage was Pounds, Shillings and Pence but since decimalisation on 15 February 1971, it is £1 = 100p, that is One Pound = 100 pence. The coinage of the UK is also a long history, the Royal Mint being established as long ago as 886AD when coins were hammered. Today there is perhaps 30 billion coins in circulation, and many (numismatic) collectors coins and sets are issued frequently in gold, silver and other metals.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Crowns page on eBay UK

List of items on:

UK On eBay UK:
Edward VI Gold Half Sovereign - G1393 - Hammered British Coins
Edward VI Gold Half Sovereign - G1393 - Hammered British Coins
£ 5,820.00
KING EDWARD VI SOVEREIGN 24CT GOLD PLATED PROOF MUSEUM COLLECTION - coa
KING EDWARD VI SOVEREIGN 24CT GOLD PLATED PROOF MUSEUM COLLECTION - coa
£ 19.95
COOK ISLANDS 2010 KING EDWARD VI PORTRAIT GOLD PLATED PROOF DOLLAR - coa
COOK ISLANDS 2010 KING EDWARD VI PORTRAIT GOLD PLATED PROOF DOLLAR - coa
£ 19.95
[#867385] Coin, Great Britain, Edward VI, Sovereign, c. 1550-1553, Tower of Lond
[#867385] Coin, Great Britain, Edward VI, Sovereign, c. 1550-1553, Tower of Lond
£ 28,000.00
Silver Proof Coin 1oz .925 Gold Plated History of Monarchy Edward VI  + COA
Silver Proof Coin 1oz .925 Gold Plated History of Monarchy Edward VI + COA
£ 39.95
2007 ALDERNEY £5 Five Pound KING EDWARD VI Silver & Gold Plated Proof Coin
2007 ALDERNEY £5 Five Pound KING EDWARD VI Silver & Gold Plated Proof Coin
£ 44.95
2007 Alderney Five Pounds King Edward VI Silver & Gold Plated Proof Coin + COA
2007 Alderney Five Pounds King Edward VI Silver & Gold Plated Proof Coin + COA
£ 32.00
1936 George V Edward VIII George VI Year of Three Kings ~ 2016 Large Oval Medal
1936 George V Edward VIII George VI Year of Three Kings ~ 2016 Large Oval Medal
£ 24.99

List of items on: