880 Penny – Alfred the Great (Tilwine)


The 880 Penny - Alfred the Great (Tilwine)

Silver penny of Alfred the Great struck about 880 by moneyer Tilwine in London. Diameter 20mm and weighs 1.62g. Known as a London monogram type. SCBC 1062, North 646.

Obverse shows a diademed and draped bust facing right with legend: ÆLFR ED REX.

Reverse shows the Londonia monogram flanked by small crosses pattée. Legend shows the moneyer: TILEVI(NE) MO(NE)TΛ.

The coin is quite rare and some specimens can command a 5-figure sum.

Image credit: CNGCoins.


Mintage: Rare
Minted at Provincial mints.
Alfred the Great (0847-0899)
Classification: ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex; Kings of the Anglo-Saxons; Hammered.

Alfred the Great (Aelfred) was King of Wessex 871-886 and King of the Anglo-Saxons 886-899. He was known as a well educated, fair-minded person, Christian and excellent King.

Born around 847–849 to King Æthelwulf of Wessex, Alfred's three elder brothers, Æthelbald, Æthelberht and Æthelred, ruled in turn before him. Alfred took the throne in 871 and spend much of his time fighting Viking invaders. After a victory in the Battle of Edington (878), Alfred agreed the Danelaw with the Vikings, splitting the country and allowing the North of England to use the laws of the Danes. Eventually the Vikings reneged on the deal and Alfred went back into battle, ultimately becoming the dominant ruler of England.

Alfred died on 26 October 899, aged 50-51.
General Description: Penny
The Penny is one of the most famous British coins. The coin itself has been around since 600AD and at various times has been struck in silver, copper and bronze. Originally split into halfpennies and farthing, it is now itself the least denomination coin currently in circulation. Made from copper (actually copper plated steel).

Originally there were 12 pennies in one shilling and 240 pennies in £1; since decimalisation in 1973 there are 100 new pence in one pound.

Specifications of the Penny

  • Diameter: (Bronze) 31 mm (since 1860)
  • Edge: Plain
  • Composition:
    • (1707–1796) Silver
    • (1797–1859) Copper
    • (1860–1970) Bronze
  • Years: 1707–1970
Which Mint: Provincial mints
Not all mints are located in a single place. From the Roman days through to the middle ages it was easier to have local moneyers (trusted people who were allowed to mint coins) rather than make the coins centrally and then have the security and logistics problem of distribution.

There were often dozens of mints, sometimes all making the same coin. The variations and mintmarks are exciting for numismatists, although sometimes it takes an expert to analyse them.

Most English Provincial Mints began to close after 1279 when the Royal Mint opened The Tower Mint (called so as it was housed at the Tower of London), although some continued working for much longer. The central mint gave the King and the Master of the Royal Mint much more control over the production and quality of English coinage.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) is the Union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is often refered to as Great Britain (GBR). It has a long, rich history.

The orignal coinage was Pounds, Shillings and Pence but since decimalisation on 15 February 1971, it is £1 = 100p, that is One Pound = 100 pence. The coinage of the UK is also a long history, the Royal Mint being established as long ago as 886AD when coins were hammered. Today there is perhaps 30 billion coins in circulation, and many (numismatic) collectors coins and sets are issued frequently in gold, silver and other metals.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Penny page on eBay UK

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UK On eBay UK:
CNUT SAXON PENNY QUARTERFOIL TYPE (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 250  1016- 1035 AD
CNUT SAXON PENNY QUARTERFOIL TYPE (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 250 1016- 1035 AD
£ 4.99
Edward the Martyr 975-978 penny ANGLO-SAXON VERY RARE💥
Edward the Martyr 975-978 penny ANGLO-SAXON VERY RARE💥
£ 1,450.00
SA-KQBD - ANGLO-VIKING (Danish East Anglia) - St. EDMUND - Memorial Penny.
SA-KQBD - ANGLO-VIKING (Danish East Anglia) - St. EDMUND - Memorial Penny.
£ 550.00
SITHRIC HIBERNO NORSE VIKING PENNY (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 250   999-1005 AD
SITHRIC HIBERNO NORSE VIKING PENNY (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 250 999-1005 AD
£ 4.99
ANGLO SAXON. EDWARD THE CONFESSOR (1042-1066) SILVER PENNY FRAGMENT.
ANGLO SAXON. EDWARD THE CONFESSOR (1042-1066) SILVER PENNY FRAGMENT.
£ 120.00
KINGS of MERCIA OFFA PENNY (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 252   757-796 AD
KINGS of MERCIA OFFA PENNY (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 252 757-796 AD
£ 4.99
VERY RARE COENWULF KING OF MERCIA GOLD PENNY EF  or MANCUS MUSEUM SPECIMEN AN 60
VERY RARE COENWULF KING OF MERCIA GOLD PENNY EF or MANCUS MUSEUM SPECIMEN AN 60
£ 14.00
VIKING AT YORK ST PETER PENNY (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 249   921-927AD
VIKING AT YORK ST PETER PENNY (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 249 921-927AD
£ 4.99

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