1066 Penny – Harold II


The 1066 Penny - Harold II

Harold II (Harold Godwinson) silver penny from 1066. Harold only reigned January to October 1066 when he was killed at the Battle of Hastings. Moneyer is Deorman. Pax type. Diameter 19mm, weight 1.21g. SCBC 1186.

Obverse shows crowned head facing left with sceptre. Legend is HΛROLD REX ΛNGLO.

Variants may have head facing right or without a sceptre.

The Reverse has a legend DERMON OM STENI with PΛX across central field. This indicates the Moneyer Deorman and the Steyning mint.

The coin shown is graded as EF and is quite rare. In this condition it would easily command a 5-figure amount.

Image credit: CNG Coins.


Mintage: Rare
Minted at Provincial mints.
Remember 1066 ?
In Roman numerals as MLXVI. After a 24-year reign, Edward the Confessor dies on January 5. Harold Godwinson becomes King Harold II. In September Harold fights off an invasion by Harald Hardrada of Norway in the North while William the Conqueror builds his invasion force down the South. On October 14 Harold is killed at the Battle of Hastings. Edgar AEtheling is proclaimed King of England (never crowned) but soon concedes and on Christmas Day King William I is the first of the Norman Kings. Halley's Comet appeared and can be seen in the Bayeux Tapestry.
Harold II (1066-1066)
Classification: ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England.

Harold II, or Harold Godwinson (and sometimes just as Harold), was the last crowned Anglo-Saxon King of England. He became King on 5 January 1066 and died on 14 October 1066 at the Battle of Hastings.

Harold was born in 1022, son of Godwin (alt. Godwine), Earl of Wessex and Gytha Thorkelsdóttir. He had links to Cnut the Great (Canute) and Sweyn Forkbeard.

Harold's death (which may not have been with an arrow through the eye as commonly told) heralded the start of the Norman era.
General Description: Penny
The Penny is one of the most famous British coins. The coin itself has been around since 600AD and at various times has been struck in silver, copper and bronze. Originally split into halfpennies and farthing, it is now itself the least denomination coin currently in circulation. Made from copper (actually copper plated steel).

Originally there were 12 pennies in one shilling and 240 pennies in £1; since decimalisation in 1973 there are 100 new pence in one pound.

Specifications of the Penny

  • Diameter: (Bronze) 31 mm (since 1860)
  • Edge: Plain
  • Composition:
    • (1707–1796) Silver
    • (1797–1859) Copper
    • (1860–1970) Bronze
  • Years: 1707–1970
Which Mint: Provincial mints
Not all mints are located in a single place. From the Roman days through to the middle ages it was easier to have local moneyers (trusted people who were allowed to mint coins) rather than make the coins centrally and then have the security and logistics problem of distribution.

There were often dozens of mints, sometimes all making the same coin. The variations and mintmarks are exciting for numismatists, although sometimes it takes an expert to analyse them.

Most English Provincial Mints began to close after 1279 when the Royal Mint opened The Tower Mint (called so as it was housed at the Tower of London), although some continued working for much longer. The central mint gave the King and the Master of the Royal Mint much more control over the production and quality of English coinage.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) is the Union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is often refered to as Great Britain (GBR). It has a long, rich history.

The orignal coinage was Pounds, Shillings and Pence but since decimalisation on 15 February 1971, it is £1 = 100p, that is One Pound = 100 pence. The coinage of the UK is also a long history, the Royal Mint being established as long ago as 886AD when coins were hammered. Today there is perhaps 30 billion coins in circulation, and many (numismatic) collectors coins and sets are issued frequently in gold, silver and other metals.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Penny page on eBay UK

List of items on:

UK On eBay UK:
Northumbrian Anglo Saxon Sceat Sceatta Reproduction coins Struck in Pewter
Northumbrian Anglo Saxon Sceat Sceatta Reproduction coins Struck in Pewter
£ 35.00
ANGLO-SAXON, Secondary Sceattas. Circa 710-725. AR Sceat (12mm, 1.01 g). Series
ANGLO-SAXON, Secondary Sceattas. Circa 710-725. AR Sceat (12mm, 1.01 g). Series
£ 350.00
ANGLO-SAXON, East Saxon Kingdom, Lundenwic (London mint), (c. A.D. 680 - 710)
ANGLO-SAXON, East Saxon Kingdom, Lundenwic (London mint), (c. A.D. 680 - 710)
£ 350.00
Anglo Saxon and Viking Reproduction Coins
Anglo Saxon and Viking Reproduction Coins
£ 4.00
CNUT SAXON PENNY QUARTERFOIL TYPE (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 250  1016- 1035 AD
CNUT SAXON PENNY QUARTERFOIL TYPE (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 250 1016- 1035 AD
£ 4.99
SITHRIC HIBERNO NORSE VIKING PENNY (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 250   999-1005 AD
SITHRIC HIBERNO NORSE VIKING PENNY (MUSEUM SPECIMEN COIN) AN 250 999-1005 AD
£ 4.99
Anglo Saxon Period Coins Slate 6 Coaster Set
Anglo Saxon Period Coins Slate 6 Coaster Set
£ 24.00
Rare circa.600 - 800 A.D England - Anglo Saxon Longbow Socketed Iron Arrow Head
Rare circa.600 - 800 A.D England - Anglo Saxon Longbow Socketed Iron Arrow Head
£ 165.00

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