21AD-22AD Sestertius – Tiberius


The 21AD-22AD Sestertius - Tiberius

Orichalcum Sestertius of Emperor Tiberius. Orichalcum is a golden-coloured bronze alloy that was often used in ancient Rome coinage. Struck around 21-22AD. Diameter 34mm and weighs 17.38g.

The Obverse shows Emperor Tiberius seated facing left, sitting on a curile chair (which was the seat upon which magistrates holding imperium were entitled to sit), feet on stool and holding a patera (a shallow libation bowl) in his right hand and a sceptre in his left. Legend is "CIVITATIB[VS ASIAE] RESTIT[VTIS]".

The Obverse refers to aid supplied to cities in Asia (modern Turkey) which suffered a major earthquake in 17AD. Rome sent 10 million sestertii to help recovery and waved taxes for five years.

The Reverse shows a large "SC" with legend "[TI CAES]AR DIVI AVG F AVGVST PM TR P[OT XXIIII]" and counterstamp. SC means senatus consultum, or 'by decree of the Senate' so the coin was an official issue.

The counterstamp is in a rectangular box and contains the text "N C A P R". This was probably added by Nero (or even later by Nerva) to authorise the continued use of an old coin.

The TR POT XXIIII dates the coin. TR POT is Tribunicia Potestate meaning Holder of Tribunitian power. Tiberius had his 24th year of holding this title in 21-22AD.

SC means senatus consultum, or 'by decree of the Senate' so the coin was an official issue.

Image credit: Museums Victoria


Mintage: Not known
Minted at Roman Mint.
Tiberius (Emperor 14AD-37AD)
Classification: Roman Emperor, Roman Imperial (96-235AD)

Tiberius [TIBERIVS IVLIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS] was the second Roman Emperor, succeeding his stepfather Augustus. Tiberius was born in Rome on 16 November 42BC and was a successful General before becoming an effective ruler. He died in 16 March 37AD in Miseno (Italy) when he was almost 78 years old. His death was thought to be murder by Caligula and his supporters.
General Description: Roman
The Roman Empire was one of the largest Empires in history, covering most of Europe, Britain, parts of Asia, the Middle East and North Africa. It was in existence from 27BC to 476AD, more than 500 years. And all these places used Roman coins throughout the era.

Originally coins were minted only in Rome, but by the third Century there were mints in other countries too. These mints sometimes produced more than 2 million coins per month to meet demand. Coins typically depicted the Emperor on one side and some other image or letters on the other. During the Empire, more than 10,000 different types of coins were created using copper, silver and gold.

Roman coins are usually classified as:

- Roman Republican Coins (about 300BC - 27BC)
- Roman Imperial Coins (27BC - 96AD)
- Roman Imperial Coins (96AD - 235AD)
- Roman Imperial Coins (235AD - 476AD)
- Roman Provincial Coins

The Denarius was the standard Roman silver coin and there were a range of others. As a guide, in the early republic (after 211BC) there was the Sestertius (=4 denarii), Dupondius (=5), As (=10, a tenner), Semis (=20), Quincunx (=24), Triens (=30), Quadrans (=40), Uncia (=120) and Solidus (=1000, it was gold). Values fluctuated later due to debasement and inflation.

The standard gold coin was the Aureus and was equal to 25 denarii or 100 sestertii. It's not far off the weight of a modern gold sovereign. The Aureus was introduced by Julius Caesar around 49BC and was the principal gold coin until about the 4th century when it was replaced by the gold Solidus.

The great part of this is that you can put together a really nice Roman coin collection with very little money, as many coins (although not all) are common and inexpensive. The coins are the best part of 2000 years old and are exciting to collect.

For more information see our articles:
Which Mint: Roman Mint
The origins of the Rome mint are from the manufacture of a silver coin near to the Temple of Juno Moneta back in 269BC. Juno was the personification of money.

Due to the size of the Roman Empire, Rome could not produce all the coins needed and Roman mints were set up in 27 locations, and there were more than 600 provincial mints scattered about the Empire. During overseas campaigns, Generals such as Caesar and Marc Anthony would mint their own coins to pay their armies.

Mint marks were used on the coins to differentiate the mint of manufacture.
Country of Origin: Roman Empire
The Roman Empire ran from 27BC to 476AD and was the post-Republican period of ancient Rome. It covered a large territory of Europe, Northern Africa, and Western Asia. It was ruled by an Emperor.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Roman page on eBay UK

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UK On eBay UK:
TIBERIUS Authentic Ancient 36AD Rome Sestertius Roman Coin QUADRIGA NGC i81780
TIBERIUS Authentic Ancient 36AD Rome Sestertius Roman Coin QUADRIGA NGC i81780
£ 4,753.84
TIBERIUS Authentic Ancient 35AD Rome Sestertius Roman Coin w QUADRIGA NGC i67867
TIBERIUS Authentic Ancient 35AD Rome Sestertius Roman Coin w QUADRIGA NGC i67867
£ 2,437.21
Ancient Roman Tiberius Caesar Sertertius ~ Re-Strike Silver Plated Coin
Ancient Roman Tiberius Caesar Sertertius ~ Re-Strike Silver Plated Coin
£ 10.25
Roman Empire. Divus Augustus, Under Tiberius, 14-37 A.D. AE Sestertius. Rare.
Roman Empire. Divus Augustus, Under Tiberius, 14-37 A.D. AE Sestertius. Rare.
£ 550.00
Nero  - Æ Sestertius , Lugdunum Mint - Roman Empire - Roma Seated , ANACS
Nero - Æ Sestertius , Lugdunum Mint - Roman Empire - Roma Seated , ANACS
£ 511.26
Sestertius
Sestertius' Divo Augusto' (Tiberius, 14-37), Rome, 36-37 a.D Weight 23 Gr 90
£ 471.32

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