1658 Shilling – Oliver Cromwell

The 1658 Shilling - Oliver Cromwell

A silver Cromwell shilling dated 1658, London Mint. Diameter is 28mm and the weight is 5.98g. SCBC 3228.

Although these coins were in general circulation they are classed as Pattern Coins as they had not been submitted to a Trial of the Pyx, or mentioned in proclamations. Quite a rare coin, the better specimens are often over £5,000.

The Obverse shows a draped bust of Oliver Cromwell facing left wearing a laurel. The inscription is "OLIVAR D G RP ANG SCO HIB &c PRO" meaning Oliver, by the Grace of God, of the Republic of England, Scotland, Ireland etc., Protector.

Edge is milled.

The Reverse is a crowned shield with the cross of St George in two quarters and the cross of St Andrew and the Irish Harp in the other two quarters. The Lion rampant in the centre is the Protector's family arms. Divided date above. Legend reads "PAX QVAERITVR BELLO" meaning peace is sought by war.

Image credit: M J Hughes Coins

Mintage: Not known
Minted at The Royal Mint.
Remember 1658 ?
No Monarch. Oliver Cromwell is Lord Protector and the parliament is the Second Protectorate. Oliver Cromwell dies on 3rd September and Richard Cromwell becomes Lord Protector on the death of his father. First domestic pendulum clocks are sold in England, made by Ahasuerus Fromanteel of London.
Oliver Cromwell / Commonwealth (1649-1660)
Oliver Cromwell was not a Monarch but an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland. As such his name did appear on coins. The actual monarch was Charles I, whom Cromwell was key in having executed.

Cromwell was an MP but after one year King Charles didn't recall Parliament for nearly 11 years. Eventually the chasm between King and Parliament led to a Civil War. Oliver Cromwell was a talented military leader and won several battles with the Royalists, eventually defeating them and putting the King on trial leading to Charles I being put to death.

Cromwell as Protectorate (1653-1658) was a controversial figure. He deposed the Monarchy yet replaced it with his own ruthless, tyrannical rule. He signed himself 'Oliver P' (P for Protector) as in the style of Monarchs; he was referred to as 'his majesty' and paid himself £100,000 per year, which was a lot of money in the 1650s.

He was offered the Crown for the Monarchy in 1657 to help get stability back to the country, but eventually turned it down. After a short illness in 1658 he died, and his son Richard became Lord Protector but that didn't last long and Richard resigned in 1659. The monarchy was restored in 1660 when Charles II returned from exile. Oliver Cromwell's body (or what they thought was his body) was exhumed and posthumously executed.

Also in this category are 'Commonwealth' coins. These were issued between 1649 and 1660. They had no portraits, instead showing the Cross of St George and the Harp of Ireland. The inscriptions were in English rather than Latin so not as to be seen as associating with the Catholic Church. The Commonwealth coins often carried mint marks: 1649-57 was a Sun, and 1658-1660 was an Anchor. The anchor shows the protectorship was that of Richard Cromwell, Oliver's son.
General Description: Shillings
The Shilling (written 1/-) is one-twentienth of a pound, worth 12 old pence (5 new pence). It is traditionally a silver coin, but since 1947 it has been made from cupro-nickel. Shillings are known as 'Bobs'.

Shillings are old coins and the English shilling has been around since about 1549, although there were 12 pence coins before that called Testoons from about 1489. The British shillings was the continuation from 1707.

After decimalisation on 15 February 1971, the coin was replaced by the five new pence piece. Originally, the 5p coin was the same size as the shilling but was later made much smaller.
Which Mint: The Royal Mint
The Royal Mint is the designated place for the UK to mint coins. It dates back well over 1000 years and is a Government-owned company. 

Formed in the reign of Alfred the Great about the year 886, during the period 1279-1812 it was generally referred to as The Tower Mint as it was housed at the Tower of London. The Master of The Royal Mint has included famous figures such as Sir Isaac Newton.

Since 2010 it has operated as Royal Mint Ltd, a company owned by HM Treasury, under an exclusive contract to supply all coinage for the UK although it also produces medals and coins for other countries. It is currently located at Llantrisant, Wales.

There is also an on-line shop at The Royal Mint Shop.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) is the Union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is often refered to as Great Britain (GBR). It has a long, rich history.

The orignal coinage was Pounds, Shillings and Pence but since decimalisation on 15 February 1971, it is £1 = 100p, that is One Pound = 100 pence. The coinage of the UK is also a long history, the Royal Mint being established as long ago as 886AD when coins were hammered. Today there is perhaps 30 billion coins in circulation, and many (numismatic) collectors coins and sets are issued frequently in gold, silver and other metals.
If you don't see a coin in the list below try the Shillings page on eBay UK

List of items on:

UK On eBay UK:
£ 6.99
£ 3,650.00
Great Britain One Shilling 1966 ENGLISH Coin WCA 1658
Great Britain One Shilling 1966 ENGLISH Coin WCA 1658
£ 3.50
£ 21.45
Romania Walachia Mihail Radu III. Mihnea (1658-9) șalău Copper RARE!!! 70.367
Romania Walachia Mihail Radu III. Mihnea (1658-9) șalău Copper RARE!!! 70.367
£ 154.73
Romania Walachia Mihail Radu III. Mihnea (1658-9) șalău Copper RARE!!! 70.366
Romania Walachia Mihail Radu III. Mihnea (1658-9) șalău Copper RARE!!! 70.366
£ 172.02

List of items on: