Modern bullion coin that copies the 1780 Maria Theresa Austrian dollar. Still minted today, all the coins are dated 1780. 83.3% silver. Main article: The Maria Theresa Thaler.
The pre-Euro currency of Germany, subdivided into 100 Pfennigs. In old times the Mark was a unit of weight for precious metals.
Imperfections on the coin, like scratches or dents.
Master of the Mint
The officer in charge of the Mint. Sir Isaac Newton was Master of the Royal Mint 1692-1727. From 1870 this role is now given to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
An annual gift made on Maundy Thursday (the last Thursday before Easter) of a set of pure silver coins made by the Royal Mint and personally given by the Monarch to the poor of Canterbury. The number of sets reflects the number of years the Monarch has occupied the throne
A piece of metal that is similar to a coin but not intended as currency, but more to honour or commemorate a person or event.
A large commemorative medal.
Coins made by machine rather than by hammering. The term came about when screw presses were used to make coins and the presses were powered by water mills or horse mills. See the article What is Milled Coinage?
The rim around the outer surface of a coin. Made by milling. In North American this is often called a reeded edge.
The place where coins are produced or minted. The term also applies to coins in brand new condition after leaving the mint, like "the coin is in mint condition".
A small letter(s) on the coin indicated where the coin was minted.
A defect where the coin is not struck centrally.
The size of the coin by diameter.
The standard unit of currency, like the Pound, the US Dollar, the Euro. In older time it may also be the coin, like Sovereigns or in Guineas.
Often a general term which can mean coins or cash, but is anything that is generally accepted as payment for goods, services or debt.
Person in charge of a Mint. In older days (Anglo-Saxon) the moneyer was a trusted person who was allowed to make coins on behalf of the King, usually at provincial mints.
A short sentence that states beliefs or ideals, usually religious, and on British coins often in Latin. Used on coins for centuries. The famous USA motto is "In God We Trust".
Coin struck from two dies (Obverse and Reverse) not intended to be used together.
Numismatics is the study of coin collecting and it also has its own language with many words and terms. Our Glossary of Numismatic Terms give the explanation to some of these coin collecting words. To contribute terms please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org.