Glossary of Numismatic Terms starting with B

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Bag mark
Marks made on coins from being in a bag of other coins.
Bank Note
Legal paper currency issued by a bank which carries of promise to pay the specified amount of money. Bank-notes have been around since 1799.
Base Metal
Non-precious metal, usually copper but can be other metals. Sometimes mixed with gold or silver to make the precious metal harder or to dilute its value.
Bi-metallic
A coin with one type of metal in the center with an outer ring of a different metal. Examples are the UK £2 and the One Euro coin.
Blank
The base piece of metal, usually disk shaped, that is pressed or struck to form a coin. Also known as a Planchet or Disc.
Boulton, Matthew
British manufacturer born in Birmingham, England in 1728. Partnered with James Watt and their company produced many items, including coins and tokens, including the 1797 Cartwheel Penny.
Brass
Alloy of copper and zinc, although the term is used colloquially to mean any alloy of copper and even used as a term money itself. Used in coins for several thousand years. The 'brass' described in the bible is actually bronze.
Britannia
The national personification of Britain, usually depicted as a helmeted female warrior holding a trident and shield. Used on numerous coins.
Britannia (coin)
The Silver Britannia is a 1oz silver coin minted in the UK by the Royal Mint. It has a denomination of £2 and generally available both in proof and bullion versions. While the bullion version carries the same reverse over the years, the proof version feature a different design each year, making them very collectable. The Britannia family has many weights from fractional to 10oz or more. See the Silver Britannias section.
British Numismatic Society
The BNS was formed in 1903 to promote coinage, tokens, banknotes and medals from the British Empire. For more details visit britnumsoc.org.
Broad
A hammered gold coin worth 20 shilling, introduced by James I in 1604. For example see the 1656 Gold Broad.
Brockage
An error coin, usually caused when the coin jams inside the die resulting in the coin only being struck on one side. The other side may be blank or a mirror image of the same design pressed on the other side.
Bronze
Alloy of copper and tin. Copper content is usually 80-95%. Very common in coins over the years, used even in Biblical times (the brass described in the bible is actually bronze).
Bullion
A coin, bar or other object made from precious metal, such as gold, silver and platinum, that is made for investment purposes rather than for numismatic collecting.
Bun Penny
Popular name for the 1860-1894 Bronze Victoria penny, when the portrait showed Victoria with her hair tied in a 'bun'. Designed by Leonard Charles Wyon.
Business strike
A coin produced for general circulation.
Bust

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UK On eBay UK:
2014 Britannia One Ounce .999 Silver Coin
2014 Britannia One Ounce .999 Silver Coin
£ 27.75
2022 Britannia One Ounce Silver Coin
2022 Britannia One Ounce Silver Coin
£ 30.95
oriental Britannia valiant  1oz silver coins 10oz harmony African wildlife ram
oriental Britannia valiant 1oz silver coins 10oz harmony African wildlife ram
£ 265.00
oriental Britannia valiant  1oz silver coins 10oz funnel web maple Krugerrand
oriental Britannia valiant 1oz silver coins 10oz funnel web maple Krugerrand
£ 268.00
1997 to 2022 Silver BRITANNIA 1oz Coin UK Royal Mint Bullion coins in capsules
1997 to 2022 Silver BRITANNIA 1oz Coin UK Royal Mint Bullion coins in capsules
£ 33.95
 Silver Britannia
Silver Britannia's (Full tube of 25 coins) 999 Fine Silver
£ 635.00
Presentation Case For 20 Britannia Silver Coins (1oz) in Capsules *NEW*
Presentation Case For 20 Britannia Silver Coins (1oz) in Capsules *NEW*
£ 29.95
New 1oz Silver 999 Fine 2022 Britannia Bullion Coin CGT uncirculated lot 002
New 1oz Silver 999 Fine 2022 Britannia Bullion Coin CGT uncirculated lot 002
£ 30.28

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Glossary of Numismatic Terms

Numismatics is the study of coin collecting and it also has its own language with many words and terms. Our Glossary of Numismatic Terms give the explanation to some of these coin collecting words. To contribute terms please email them to glossary@coinparade.co.uk.