List of Roman Emperors

List of Roman Emperors

This is a list of the Emperors of the Roman Empire 27BC (Augustus) until 476AD (Romulus Augustus).

Prior to this there had been a Roman Republic which started about 509BC and ended with Julius Caesar (who was a Dictator, not an Emperor) when Julius Caesar’s great nephew and adopted son Augustus Caesar reached a ‘first settlement’ with the Senate and became the first Emperor. Sometimes the Emperor shares the title with a son, or maybe there is a West and East ruler.

Emperor From To
Augustus
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI FILIVS AVGVSTVS
January 16, 27 BC August 19, 14 AD
Tiberius
TIBERIVS IVLIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS
September 18, 14 AD March 16, 37 AD
Caligula
GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS
March 18, 37 AD January 24, 41 AD
Claudius
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS
January 25/26, 41 AD October 13, 54 AD
Nero
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS
October 13, 54 AD June 9, 68 AD
Galba
SERVIVS SVLPICIVS GALBA CAESAR AVGVSTVS
June 8, 68 AD January 15, 69 AD
Otho
MARCVS SALVIVS OTHO CAESAR AVGVSTVS
January 15, 69 AD April 16, 69 AD
Vitellius
AVLVS VITELLIVS GERMANICVS AVGVSTVS
April 17, 69 AD December 20, 69 AD
Vespasian
TITVS FLAVIVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS
December 21, 69 AD June 24, 79 AD
Titus
TITVS FLAVIVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS
June 24, 79 AD September 13, 81 AD
Domitian
TITVS FLAVIVS CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVGVSTVS
September 14, 81 AD September 18, 96 AD
Nerva
MARCVS COCCEIVS NERVA CAESAR AVGVSTVS
September 18, 96 AD January 27, 98 AD
Trajan
CAESAR MARCVS VLPIVS NERVA TRAIANVS AVGVSTVS
January 28, 98 AD August 7, 117 AD
Hadrian
CAESAR PVBLIVS AELIVS TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
August 11, 117 AD July 10, 138 AD
Antoninus Pius
CAESAR TITVS AELIVS HADRIANVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PIVS
July 10, 138 AD March 7, 161 AD
Marcus Aurelius
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS
March 7, 161 AD March 17, 180 AD
Lucius Verus
CAESAR LVCIVS AVRELIVS VERVS AVGVSTVS
March 7, 161 AD March 169 AD
Commodus
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS
177 AD December 31, 192 AD
Pertinax
CAESAR PVBLIVS HELVIVS PERTINAX AVGVSTVS
January 1, 193 AD March 28, 193 AD
Didius Julianus
CAESAR MARCVS DIDIVS SEVERVS IVLIANVS AVGVSTVS
March 28, 193 AD June 1, 193 AD
Septimius Severus
CAESAR LVCIVS SEPTIMIVS SEVERVS PERTINAX AVGVSTVS
April 9, 193 AD February 4, 211 AD
Caracalla
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS SEVERVS ANTONINVS PIVS AVGVSTVS
198 AD April 8, 217 AD
Geta
CAESAR PVBLIVS SEPTIMIVS GETA AVGVSTUS
209 AD December 26, 211 AD
Macrinus
MARCVS OPELLIVS SEVERVS MACRINVS AVGVSTVS PIVS FELIX

with

Diadumenian
April 11, 217 AD June 8, 218 AD
Elagabalus
MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS
June 8, 218 AD March 11, 222 AD
Severus Alexander
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS SEVERVS ALEXANDER AVGVSTVS
March 13, 222 AD March 18, 235 AD
Maximinus I
CAESAR GAIVS IVLIVS VERVS MAXIMINVS AVGVSTVS
March 20, 235 AD June 238 AD
Gordian I
CAESAR MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS SEMPRONIANVS AFRICANVS AVGVSTVS
March 22, 238 AD April 12, 238 AD
Gordian II
CAESAR MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS SEMPRONIANVS ROMANVS AFRICANVS AVGVSTVS
March 22, 238 AD April 12, 238 AD
Pupienus
CAESAR MARCVS CLODIVS PVPIENVS MAXIMVS AVGVSTVS
April 22, 238 AD July 29, 238 AD
Balbinus
CAESAR DECIMVS CAELIVS CALVINVS BALBINVS PIVS AVGVSTVS
April 22, 238 AD July 29, 238 AD
Gordian III
CAESAR MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS AVGVSTVS
April 22, 238 AD February 11, 244 AD
Philip I
CAESAR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS

with

Philip II
February 244 AD September/October 249 AD
Trajan Decius
CAESAR GAIVS MESSIVS QVINTVS TRAIANVS DECIVS AVGVSTVS

with

Herennius Etruscus
September/ October 249 AD June 251 AD
Hostilian
CAESAR CAIVS VALENS HOSTILIANVS MESSIVS QVINTVS AVGVSTVS
June 251 AD late 251 AD
Trebonianus Gallus
CAESAR GAIVS VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVGVSTVS

with

Volusianus
June 251 AD August 253 AD
Aemilian
CAESAR MARCVS AEMILIVS AEMILIANVS AVGVSTVS
August 253 AD October 253 AD
Valerian
CAESAR PVBLIVS LICINIVS VALERIANVS AVGVSTVS
October 253 AD 260 AD
Gallienus
CAESAR PVBLIVS LICINIVS EGNATIVS GALLIENVS AVGVSTVS

with

Saloninus
October 253 AD September 268 AD
Claudius Gothicus
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CLAVDIVS AVGVSTVS
September 268 AD January 270 AD
Quintillus
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CLAVDIVS QVINTILLVS AVGVSTVS
January 270 AD 270 AD
Aurelian
CAESAR LVCIVS DOMITIVS AVRELIANVS AVGVSTVS
September(?) 270 AD September 275 AD
Tacitus
CAESAR MARCVS CLAVDIVS TACITVS AVGVSTVS
September 25, 275 AD June 276 AD
Florian
CAESAR MARCVS ANNIVS FLORIANVS AVGVSTVS
June 276 AD September? 276 AD
Probus
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS PROBVS AVGVSTVS
September? 276 AD September/ October 282 AD
Carus
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CARVS AVGVSTVS
September/ October 282 AD late July/ early August 283 AD
Numerian
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS NVMERIVS NVMERIANVS AVGVSTVS
Late July/early August 283 AD 284 AD?
Carinus
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CARINVS AVGVSTVS
Late July/early August 283 AD 285 AD
Diocletian
CAESAR GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS DIOCLETIANVS AVGVSTVS
November 20, 284 AD May 1, 305 AD
Maximian
CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS AVGVSTVS
April 1, 286 AD May 1, 305 AD
Constantius I
CAESAR GAIVS FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS
May 1, 305 AD July 25, 306 AD
Galerius
CAESAR GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS AVGVSTVS
May 1, 305 AD May 311 AD
Severus II
FLAVIVS VALERIVS SEVERVS AVGVSTVS
Summer 306 AD March/ April 307 AD
Constantine I
CAESAR FLAVIVS VALERIVS AVRELIVS CONSTANTINVS AVGVSTVS
July 25, 306 AD May 22, 337 AD
Maxentius
MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXENTIVS AVGVSTVS
October 28, 306 AD October 28, 312 AD
Maximinus II
CAESAR GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMINVS AVGVSTVS
May 1, 311 AD July/August 313 AD
Licinius I
CAESAR GAIVS VALERIVS LICINIVS AVGVSTVS

with

Valerius Valens

and

Martinian
November 11, 308 AD September 18, 324 AD
Constantine II
CAESAR FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS CONSTANTINVS AVGVSTVS
May 22, 337 AD 340 AD
Constantius II
CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS
May 22, 337 AD November 3, 361 AD
Constans I
CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANS AVGVSTVS
May 22, 337 AD 350 AD
Vetranio
Vetranio aka Vetrianio
March 1, 350 December 25, 350 AD
Julian
CAESAR FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS IVLIANVS AVGVSTVS
February 360 AD June 26, 363 AD
Jovian
CAESAR FLAVIVS IOVIANVS AVGVSTVS
June 26, 363 AD February 17, 364 AD
Valentinian I
FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS AVGVSTVS
February 26, 364 AD November 17, 375 AD
Valens
FLAVIVS IVLIVS VALENS AVGVSTVS
March 28, 364 AD August 9, 378 AD
Gratian
FLAVIVS GRATIANVS AVGVSTVS
August 4, 367 AD August 25, 383 AD
Valentinian II
FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS INVICTVS AVGVSTVS
November 17, 375 AD May 15, 392 AD
Theodosius I
FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS AVGVSTVS
January 1, 379 AD January 17, 395 AD
Arcadius
FLAVIVS ARCADIVS AVGVSTVS
January 383 AD May 1, 408 AD
Magnus Maximus

with

Flavius Victor
383/384 AD August 28, 388 AD
Honorius
FLAVIVS HONORIVS AVGVSTVS
January 23, 393 AD August 15, 423 AD
Theodosius II
FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS AVGVSTVS
January 402 AD July 28, 450 AD
Constantine III

with

Constans II
August 407/409 AD September 411 AD
Constantius III
FLAVIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS
February 8, 421 AD September 2, 421 AD
Joannes
Joannes or Ioannes
August 27, 423 AD May 425 AD
Valentinian III
FLAVIVS PLACIDIVS VALENTINIANVS AVGVSTVS
October 23, 424 AD March 16, 455 AD
Marcian
FLAVIVS MARCIANVS AVGVSTVS
Summer 450 AD January 457 AD
Petronius Maximus
FLAVIVS ANICIVS PETRONIVS MAXIMVS AVGVSTVS
March 17, 455 AD May 31, 455 AD
Avitus
EPARCHIVS AVITVS AVGVSTVS
July 9, 455 AD October 17, 456 AD
Majorian
IVLIVS VALERIVS MAIORIANVS AVGVSTVS
April 457 AD August 2, 461 AD
Libius Severus
LIBIVS SEVERVS AVGVSTVS
November 461 AD August 465 AD
Anthemius
PROCOPIVS ANTHEMIVS AVGVSTVS
April 12, 467 AD July 11, 472 AD
Olybrius
FLAVIVS ANICIVS OLYBRIVS AVGVSTVS
July 11, 472 AD November 2, 472 AD
Glycerius
FLAVIVS GLYCERIVS AVGVSTVS
March 473 AD June 474 AD
Julius Nepos
FLAVIVS IVLIVS NEPOS AVGVSTVS
June 474 AD August 28, 475 AD (in Italy, then spring 480 AD in Gaul and Dalmatia)
Romulus Augustulus
ROMVLVS AVGVSTVS
October 31, 475 AD September 4, 476 AD (in Italy)

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