2009 Two Pound Coin – Charles Darwin

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Charles Darwin (1809-1882) is universally known for his work on evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and had compelling evidence in his book On the Origin of the Species published in 1859.

This coin celebrates the 200th Anniversary of Charles Darwin's birth as as well as the 150th anniversary of the publication of On the Origin of Species.

The reverse was designed by Suzie Zamit. A profile portrait of Charles Darwin on left, facing right, stares into the face of a chimpanzee on right, facing left. The inscription "1809 . DARWIN . 2009" above, "TWO POUNDS" below

The edge is milled and has the inscription "ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES 1859"  

The obverse is the Ian Rank-Broadley portrait of Queen Elizabeth II.

Mintage: 3,903,000 (may include coins issued as part of a set). Minted at The Royal Mint.
Remember 2009 ?
Queen Elizabeth II was in her 57th year as Monarch. Gordon Brown was Prime Minister. In the USA, George W Bush ended his second term in office and Barack Obama became the 44th US President. Singer Michael Jackson died unexpectedly aged 50. 40th anniversary of Moon landing.
General Description: Two Pound Coin
The current Two Pound (£2) coin that is found in circulation is a bimetallic coin introduced on 15th June 1998 (although the first are dated 1997). There are almost 500 million £2 coins of various designs in current circulation.

There has been other two pound coins. From 1823 until 1996 they made occasional appearances and the double-sovereign has a two pound value. Commemorative two pound coins were issued from 1986 to 1996. This article is primarily concerned with the circulating coins of 1997 onwards.

specifications:

  • Weight: 12 g
  • Diameter: 28.4 mm
  • Thickness: 2.5 mm
  • Edge: Milled, with incuse lettering
  • Design style: Circular, bi-metallic
  • Composition Outer ring: Nickel-brass (76% Cu, 20% Zn and 4% Ni)
  • Composition Centre: Cupro-nickel (75% Cu , 25% Ni)
The two pound coin has also been minted in gold.
Which Mint: The Royal Mint
The Royal Mint is the designated place for the UK to mint coins. It dates back well over 1000 years and is a Government-owned company. 

Formed in the reign of Alfred the Great about the year 886, it moved to the Tower of London in 1279 and remained there for over 500 years. The Master of The Royal Mint has included famous figures such as Sir Isaac Newton. Since 2010 it has operated as Royal Mint Ltd, a company owned by HM Treasury, under an exclusive contract to supply all coinage for the UK although it also produces medals and coins for other countries. It is currently located at Llantrisant, Wales.
The Monarch: Elizabeth II (1952-)
Queen Elizabeth II is the current and longest reigning monarch ever. Born on 21 April 1926 to King George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, she became Queen in 1952 and her Coronation was on 2 June 1953.

Queen Elizabeth II has issued many coins and was monarch during decimalisation.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) is the Union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is often refered to as Great Britain (GBR). It has a long, rich history.

It's orignal coinage was Pounds, Shillings and Pence but since decimalisation on 15 February 1971, it is £1 = 100p, that is One Pound = 100 pence. The coinage of the UK is also a long history, the Royal Mint being established as long ago as 886AD when coins were hammered. Today there is perhaps 30 billion coins in circulation, and many (numismatic) collectors coins and sets are issued frequently in gold, silver and other metals.
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